Archaeology Micro reports

  • The archaeological challenge
    Prior to the development of the Olympic Park, and the building of its sporting venues and infrastructure, a comprehensive programme of archaeological evaluation and excavation was undertaken. In total, 122 archaeological evaluation trenches were opened, targeted where possible on land...
  • Built heritage recording
    The background research (‘desk-based assessment’) into the likely survival of archaeological and historical remains within the Olympic Park, which was undertaken before any of the archaeological fieldwork began, identified a number of built structures of historical or architectural interest across...
  • Archaeological community work
    From the first prehistoric settlers thousands of years ago, up to the present day, a community has evolved of people living and working along the lower Lea Valley. The Olympic developments have, like the earlier agricultural and industrial developments, completely...
  • The Roman Road
    The Olympic Park lies just five kilometres north-east of Londinium (London) – the capital of the Roman province in Britain – it spans the line of the Roman road from Londinium to the fort, colonia (an outpost of the Roman...
  • The evolving landscape of the Olympic Park
    At the end of the last Ice Age (approximately 12,000 years ago) the flood plain of the River Lea was formed by glacial melt waters surging through an unspoilt wilderness. However, only until early hunter-gatherers first arrived in the valley...
  • Industry in the post-medieval to modern period – Excavations at Temple Mills
    The transformation of the Lower Lea Valley, from long-established farmland to a landscape dominated by industry and infrastructure, was achieved within a few decades in the mid-19th century. However, part of the origins of that process was revealed in a...
  • Geoarchaeology
    Geoarchaeology is the process by which techniques from the fields of geography, geology and other earth sciences are used to understand and interpret archaeology. At the Olympic Park, a phase of intensive and wide-ranging geoarchaeological investigations revealed a buried landscape,...
  • The discovery of a 19th century boat
    Archaeological investigations across the Olympic Park have revealed a number of remarkable finds associated with the development and history of the site. One of the most striking was the near-complete remains of a small clinker-built boat dated early 19th century.